Southwind
Information taken from Contemplations from the Marianas Trench

It is believed this Irish tune was written by Turlough O'Carolan in the early 1700's. Turlough (Toirdhealbhach Ó Cearbhalláin) was born in 1670 near Nobber, County Meath and died March 25, 1738 at the home of his patron Mrs. MacDermott Roe in Alderford, County Roscommon. He was one of the last Irish harpers who composed and a significant number of his works survive in single line melody. Carolan's fame was not due to his skill with the harp (having started at 18), but to his gift for composition and verse.

Irish HarpistCarolan's father, John, was either a farmer or a blacksmith. John Carolan moved his family to Ballyfarnon when Carolan was fourteen to take employment with the MacDermott Roe family. Mrs. MacDermott befriended the boy and gave him an education. Around the age of 18 Carolan was blinded by smallpox.

Even before his illness Carolan had shown talent for poetry and may have been taught, even before his illness, by a harper Named MacDermott Roe (possibly Ruari dall who lived with the MacDermott Roes). Carolan studied for three years at the end of which Mrs. MacDermott Roe gave him a harp, a horse and some money to begin his career as an itinerant harper. For the next forty-five years, Carolan traveled throughout Ireland composing tunes for his patrons.

His first patron, George Reynolds of County Leitrim suggested Carolan try composing. With this encouragement Carolan composed Sheebeg and Sheemore. Thereafter Carolan composed tunes for his patrons, usually composing tunes on his journeys. He traveled widely throughout Ireland.

In 1738, feeling ill, Carolan returned to the home of Mrs. MacDermott Roe. His final composition was to the butler, Flinn, who brought him his last drink. Carolan's funeral was widely attended and, in fitting tribute to the man, his wake lasted for four days.

Alternative titles for this Irish O'Carolan tune are: Si Beagh Si Mhor, Martimas Wind, All The Tunes In The World (with contemporary words), An Gaoth Andheas, An Gaoth Aneas, An Gaoth Anneas, An Ghaoth Andheas, An Ghaoth Aneas, An Ghaoth Aniar Aneas, Gaiot Ua N-Deas, South Wind, The Southern Breeze, The Southwind, and The Wind From The South.

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